André Derain together with Henri Matisse started fauvism in 1905. They worked together during the summer of 1905 painting in a small mediterranean village named Collioure. When they later during the fall exhibited their works at the Salon d’Automne in Paris they were labelled “les fauves” (“the wild beasts”), by a critic because of their use of vivid – unnatural colors in the paintings and thus “fauvism” was born!
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It is evident from the below painting by André Derain how different the use of bright and strong colors in the fauvism paintings were compared to most other artists of the time.