Weimar Republic

Weimar Republic Coat of Arms 1919 1933
Weimar Republic Coat of Arms 1918 – 1933

Weimar in the state of Thüringia in Germany was the place, where after the First World War, the first German Democratic constitution was signed. This was also where the Weimar Republic period in German history (1918-1933) was formed. It was the home of the period in art called the German Enlightenment and also the home of two of the main characters in the Weimar Classicism literary genre – Goethe and Schiller. Weimar was at one point home to such artists as Franz List composer and pianist. Artists and architects such as Paul Klee, Wassili Kandinsky, Henry Van de Velde, Lyonel Feininger and of course Walter Gropius the founder of the Bauhaus movement.

Weimar City Castle
Weimar City Castle

The Weimar City Castle, (City to distinguish it from other castles in the area) was a center for the arts in Weimar. The church attached to the castle was a place where J.S. Bach premiered many of his compositions.

Candleholder in the city Castle in Weimar
Candleholder in the city Castle in Weimar
Carl August Von Sachsen Weimar
Carl August Von Sachsen Weimar

The Archduke Carl August von Sachsen Weimar was a supporter of the arts and used some of his wealth to purchase art and also brought in artists to the city and sometimes employed them to help them support themselves when their art could not.

Schiller and Goethe in front of the Opera house in Weimar
Goethe and Schiller in front of the Opera house in Weimar

Goethe and Schiller were two of the intellectuals that were present in Weimar. Goethe, who was brought in to the city by the Arch Duke Carl August von Sachsen Weimar to ply his craft wound up working for the city in many capacities as he was well educated and had administrative capabilities in addition to his artistic ones. The two became fast friends and collaborators.

Goethe's Summmer House in the park and der Ilm in Weimar
Goethe’s Summer House in the park and der Ilm in Weimar

Goethe had a summer house in the park which was a gift from the Archduke. The above pictured house is a replica of the original to preserve the original it from the wear and tear brought on by the many visitors that come every year to see it.

Viola tricolor in Goethe's garden
Viola tricolor in Goethe’s garden

The garden at Goethe’s summer house is said to look exactly as it would have during the time Goethe lived in the house.

Shakespeare statue in Park and der Ilm in Weimar
Shakespeare statue in Park and der Ilm in Weimar

Weimar is home to the largest Shakespeare society outside of England in the world and there is a statue of the Bard in the Park and der Ilm. William Shakespeare lived April 1564 – April 23 1616 and was born in Stratford upon Avon in the U.K.

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